This routine is used to add random points with a given target spacing to the region of space defined by the input minimum and maximum coordinate values using the specified geometry (xyz, rtz, or rtp), and the given local origin (specified in xyz coordinates). Within the bounding geometry, the points are distributed uniformly in space, with the average separation targeted at the input value of the spacing.  Near the boundaries of the geometry, the uniform distribution is modified slightly in order to create a well defined outer boundary.  Points are added separately on the corners, edges, and surfaces of the bounding geometry, uniformly randomly distributed with the same target spacing on each of these boundary objects. Points in the interior are offset by the sepcified edge protection distance from the exterior.  This separation helps LaGriT’s connect algorithm avoid creating artificial “pits” in the interface surfaces.


rzran / geom / spacing / rmin1,rmin2,rmin3 / rmax1,rmax2,rmax3  & [/ xoff,yoff,zoff / edgedist / ranseed1,ranseed2 ]

while only rzran is required (will result in a single point at the origin), it is recommended that you use as the minimal command: rzran / geom / spacing /  rmin1,rmin2,rmin3 / rmax1,rmax2,rmax3

Argument Description Allowed Values Default
geom geometry label (same convention as for rz)    xyzrtprtz    default: xyz if not present, error return if not allowed
spacing target separation between the random points    spacing>0    default: spacing=1
minimum and maximum coordinate values all geometries: rmax.ge.rmin defaults: rmin=0, rmax=rmin
xoff,yoff,zoff (specified in xyz coordinate system) local origin shift   defaults: 0
edgedist edge protection distance aka interior-exterior offset   default: spacing/2, recommended value: spacing/2
ranseed1,ranseed2 seeds for the random number generator   defaults: -1 (do not re-seed, recommended)

If either seed is .le. zero, the seeds are ignored. Recommended values if reseed: large-ish integers, ranseed1>ranseed2>0, ranseed2 odd.

No initial seeds are needed, and repeating the command with the identical parameters and seeds should result in the identical point distribution. Repeating the command with no seeds specified should result in different point locations with the same distribution.


rzran / xyz / .1 / 0 0 0 / 1 1 1 /

random points with target spacing 0.1 in a 1x1x1 box

rzran/ rtz / .1 /  0,0,0 / 1,,360 / 2,3,4 / 0.2

random points with target spacing 0.1 in a cylinder of radius 1 centered at xyz=(2,3,4) and with an edge protection distance of 0.2

rzran/ rtp / .5 /  5,0,0 / 5,,360 /  , ,  /  / 98765 4321/

random points with target spacing 0.5 on the surface of a sphere of radius 5 centered at the origin with new random seeds


Filter should be used afterwards to remove possibly duplicate points. The algorithm to insure the points are uniformly distributed in space is not clever about handling values outside the allowed range for rtz and rtp geometries and so it simply truncates them to the allowed range if possible or aborts. Most importantly, angles are in degrees and theta for the rtp geometry runs from 0 to degrees, with 0 degrees being the +z axis. It does know about the angular periodicity and there should be only the “corner” point artifacts of, eg, the +x axis being the origin of phi (rtp) or theta (rtz) if a full 360 degrees for these two variables in their respective coordinate systems is used.